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Wrestling - Rules PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:26

Wrestling - Rules

Male wrestlers in action
A match is judged either on points or by a 'fall'

Wrestling competitions at the 15th Asian Games will consist of the following events:


  • Freestyle - 55kg
  • Freestyle - 60kg
  • Freestyle - 66kg
  • Freestyle - 74kg
  • Freestyle - 84kg
  • Freestyle - 96kg
  • Freestyle - 120kg
  • Greco-Roman - 55kg
  • Greco-Roman - 60kg
  • Greco-Roman - 66kg
  • Greco-Roman - 74kg
  • Greco-Roman - 84kg
  • Greco-Roman - 96kg
  • Greco-Roman - 120kg


  • Freestyle - 48kg
  • Freestyle - 55kg
  • Freestyle - 63kg
  • Freestyle - 72kg

Competition rules for wrestling include:

  • Competitors are paired in order of numbers drawn at random.
  • Competitors are eliminated through a direct elimination system with repechage* for the losers against the opponents competing for first and second places. The ideal number is determined at the beginning of the competition and matches take place in order of the bottom of the draw first.
  • Wrestlers who only lose against the two finalists make up a repechage. The repechage matches begin with wrestlers who lost in the first round (including the matches to obtain the ideal number) against one of the two finalists up to the losers in the semi-finals by direct elimination. Winners of the two repechage matches each receive a bronze medal.

Each weight category will begin and end in a day. Each weigh-in will take place the day before the beginning of the relevant category.

* Repechage: A supplementary heat in a competition that allows runners-up from earlier elimination heats a second chance to go to the final.

Competition will take place in the following manner:

  • Qualification round
  • Elimination round
  • Repechage round
  • Finals

The wrestling area involves a mat with two concentric circles in the middle. The larger circle has a diameter of 9m, while the smaller circle has a 7m diameter and constitutes the "central wrestling area".

The area formed between the smaller and larger circles is the "passive zone", red in colour with a width of 1m.

A match is judged either on points or a "fall" - a move when one wrestler holds his opponent down with his back pinned to the mat for at least two seconds.

The referee acknowledges and registers the fall (having first agreed with the judge or mat chairman) by blowing the whistle and simultaneously striking the mat with his hand.

A match is judged on points if there were no falls during the course of a match. The wrestler who has been allocated the most points is declared winner.

Wrestling PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:23


Male wrestlers in action
Freestyle and Greco-Roman are the two styles used

Wrestling is an intense and exciting individual combat sport where one competitor attempts to throw the other to the ground, with the aim to pin them down to register a "fall". The competitor to first achieve a "fall" is declared the winner of the bout.

Wrestling makes for a great spectator sport as it offers strength, speed, technique and agility displayed by the wrestlers.

Wrestling has two styles: Greco-Roman and Freestyle. In the Greco-Roman style, holds are allowed from the waist up, while in freestyle holds are allowed on the whole body. Matches in both styles consist of two, rounds, with a 30 second interval.

During a match, long nails, punching, biting, pinching, strangulation holds or dislocations are forbidden, as is any other act that may cause injury to the opponent.

Women's freestyle wrestling is a growing sport around the world. The first world championship for women was held in the 1980s and an increasing number of nations enter women's wrestling teams each year. Women's wrestling has been on the Olympic programme since Athens in 2004.

Weightlifting - History เธ›เธฃเธฐเธงเธฑเธ?เธด เธขเธเธ™เน‰เธณเธซเธ™เธฑเธ PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:21

Weightlifting - History เธ›เธฃเธฐเธงเธฑเธ?เธด เธขเธเธ™เน‰เธณเธซเธ™เธฑเธ

 Weightlifter cheering A weightlifter celebrating a successful lift

Weightlifting was one of the few sports - as well as athletics, swimming, gymnastics and fencing - to feature in the sports programme for the first modern Olympic Games in 1896.

Since then, weightlifting has been a mainstay of the Olympic Games programme, although it was dropped in 1900, 1908 and 1912. The first World Championships were staged in London in 1891, with seven athletes from six countries competing.

In 1905, the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) was founded and is now based in Budapest. Today, the IWF consists of almost 170 affiliated nations, with approximately 10,000 weightlifters participating annually in official competitions.

Weightlifting has been an Asian Games event since the inaugural games in New Delhi, India in 1951.The 74th Men's and 17th Women's World Championships in 2005, took place in Doha, Qatar.

Weightlifting - Rules เธเธ เธเธ?เธดเธเธฒ เธขเธเธ™เน‰เธณเธซเธ™เธฑเธ PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:20

Weightlifting - Rules เธเธ เธเธ?เธดเธเธฒ เธขเธเธ™เน‰เธณเธซเธ™เธฑเธ

Female weightlifter holds the bar aloft
 Steady hands: to complete a lift competitors must hold the bar steady above their heads

Competitors attempt to lift weights mounted on a steel barbell, using a combination of power and technique. The barbell weighs 20kg for men and 15kg for women.

Identical weights are placed at each end of the barbell. Competitors start with the weighted barbell placed in the middle of a 4m-by-4m wooden floor, coated with non-slip material.

There are two different weightlifting events:

  • the "snatch", in which competitors must lift the barbell above their head in one steady movement, and
  • the "clean and jerk" where competitors first "clean" the barbell from the floor to an intermediate position in front of the neck, and then "jerk" the barbell to a position above their heads.

In both, competitors must hold the bar steady above their heads, with arms and legs straight and motionless.

Three judges determine if a competitor has successfully completed a lift by shining a white light. When at least two white lights are shown, the lift is deemed successful and the competitor may return the bar to the platform. If a competitor fails to achieve a successful lift, a red light is shown.

There are eight male categories (seven for women) determined by body weight.

Men's classes:

56kg, 62kg, 69kg, 77kg, 85kg, 94kg, 105kg and 105+kg.

Women's classes:

48kg, 53kg, 58kg, 63kg, 69kg, 75kg, and 75+kg.

In each division, weightlifters compete in both the snatch and clean and jerk, with the combined weight counting for the overall result. Weights are set in 1kg increments.

Weightlifting เธขเธเธ™เน‰เธณเธซเธ™เธฑเธ PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:18


Weightlifter prepares his hands before the lift The ultimate test of physical strength between individuals

Weightlifting is an intense sport, since competitors draw on all their mental and physical strength to lift massive weights, often more than twice their own body weight.

Competitors aim to lift a weighted bar above the head and hold it under control until signalled by the referee to replace it on the platform.

Weightlifting is split into two separate lifts - the snatch, and the clean and jerk. Competitors have a maximum of three attempts at each lift.

With only three attempts allowed, tactics, such as deciding which weight to start with, are crucial.

Water Polo - History PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 12 February 2007 06:16

Water Polo - History

Water polo players chase ball Water polo started in England as an aquatic version of rugby

Modern water polo was invented in the late nineteenth century as a form of rugby in rivers and lakes in England and Scotland with a ball made of India rubber.

Early play allowed brute strength, wrestling and holding opposing players underwater to recover the ball; the goalkeeper stood outside the playing area and defended the goal by jumping in on any opponent attempting to score by placing the ball on the deck. By the 1880's, the game evolved to include fast-paced team play with a football-sized ball that emphasised swimming, passing and scoring by shooting into a goal net; players could only be tackled when holding the ball and could not be taken under water.

Men's water polo was first played at the Olympic Games in 1900; women's water polo became an Olympic sport at the 2000 Games.

The most famous water polo match in history is probably the 1956 Summer Olympics semifinal between Hungary and the Soviet Union. As the athletes left for the Games, the 1956 Hungarian revolution began, and the Soviet army crushed the uprising. Many of the Hungarian athletes vowed never to return home and felt their only means of fighting back was by victory in the pool. The confrontation was the most bloody and violent water polo game in history, in which the pool reputedly turned red with blood. The Hungarians defeated the Soviets 4-0 before the game was called off in the final minute. The Hungarians went on to win the Olympic gold medal by defeating Yugoslavia 2-1 in the final. Half of the Hungarian Olympic delegation defected after the games.

The sport made its Asian Games debut in New Delhi in 1951.


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